ELI-DC supports the three pillars during the constructions phase, ensures the character of ELI as one unified pan-European project, conducts the negotiations towards the ELI-ERIC and prepares the establishment of ELI s fourth pillar, planned to push the frontiers of laser power by yet another order of magnitude into the sub-exawatt regime.
In Magurele, Romania, the ELI Nuclear Physics (ELI-NP) facility will focus on laser-based nuclear physics. It will host two machines, a very high intensity laser, where beams from two 10 PW lasers are coherently added to get intensities of the order of 1023 - 1024 W/cm2, and a very intense, brilliant gamma beam which is obtained by incoherent Compton back scattering of a laser light off a brilliant electron beam from a conventional linear accelerator. Applications include nuclear physics experiments to characterize laser – target interaction, photonuclear reactions, and exotic nuclear physics and astrophysics.
In Dolni Brezany, near Prague, Czech Republic, the ELI-Beamlines facility will mainly focus on the development of short-pulse secondary sources of radiation and particles, and on their multidisciplinary applications in molecular, biomedical and material sciences, physics of dense plasmas, warm dense matter, laboratory astrophysics. In addition, the pillar will utilize its high-power, high-repetition-rate lasers for high-field physics experiments with focused intensities of about 10²³ W/cm2, investigating exotic plasma physics, and non-linear QED effects.
The ELI Attosecond Light Pulse Source (ELI-ALPS) in Szeged, Hungary is establishing a unique facility which provides light sources between THz (1012 Hz) and x-ray (1018-1019 Hz) frequency range in the form of ultrashort pulses with high repetition rate. ELI-ALPS will be dedicated to extremely fast dynamics by taking snap-shots in the attosecond scale (a billionth of a billionth of second) of the electron dynamics in atoms, molecules, plasmas and solids. It will also pursue research with ultrahigh intensity lasers.